Bipolar Disorder, or Manic Depression, is an illness in which the patient suffers from extreme emotional euphoria that may or may not be followed closely by extreme emotional sadness. Patients diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder may suffer symptoms in a variety of combinations. The combinations have been broken down into three phases:
- Manic Phase
- Depressive Phase
- Mixed Phase (both depressive and manic symptoms present at the same time)
The patient may experience different symptoms within each phase, but not every patient will experience mixed phases.
The symptoms of Bipolar Disorder: Manic Phase may include some of the following:
- Inflated self-esteem
- Decreased need for sleep
- Talkativeness or pressured speech
- Increase in goal-directed activities
- Excessive involvement in pleasurable activities likely to lead to painful consequences
- Lack of caution
A Manic Phase may last for days to weeks and may result in hospitalization. Patients may have persistently elevated and expansive mood, or be extremely irritable.
The symptoms of a Bipolar Disorder: Depressive Phase may include some of the following:
- Feelings of sadness, loneliness, or hopelessness
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities
- Changes in weight or appetite
- Difficulty getting to sleep or excessive sleep
- Feeling guilty or worthless
- Trouble concentrating or remembering things
- Difficulty making decisions
- Fatigue or loss of energy
- Thoughts of death or suicide
- A tendency to isolate
A Depressive Phase can last for weeks to months; throughout this time, the patient may feel deep emotional sadness.
In a Mixed Phase the patient may experience the same symptoms as above. However, she or he may simultaneously exhibit both manic and depressive symptoms daily. This is sometimes referred to as “agitated depression”.
If you would like more information about bipolar disorder, please call us at one of the numbers listed above in the top right corner of the page, or fill out the self-assessment and contact form to the right and we will contact you.